Last week we read about the indicators of depression and how is depression different from sadness. Today, we will take a glance at the different treatments available for depression. It is true that the rate of depression has taken a toll on the world’s population but depression is curable. There are many therapies available that analyze depression from different points of view and work together to cure depression. However, before any treatment starts, the consent of the patient is necessary as the willingness and inner motivation of the person to overcome depression is a key factor in treatment. The common approaches to treating depression are listed as follows-
- Behavioural Approach: This approach mainly operates on the principle of reinforcements or rewards. It believes that a behavior will be strengthened or weakened based on the rewards received for that behavior. This approach is used in treating depression by rewarding behaviors that help in overcoming depression. Examples of common therapies used under this approach are- Modelling, Contingency contracting.
- Cognitive Approach: This approach is based on the principle of eliminating negative thoughts. It is used in treating depression by breaking the cycle of negative thoughts in the victim which leads him to a depressive state. Examples of therapies based on this approach are – CBT (Cognitive Behavioural Therapy), REBT (Rational Emotive Behavioural Therapy).
- Psychodynamic Approach: This is an old-school approach started by Sigmund Freud, popularly known as the Father of Psychology. This approach relies on the role of the unconscious mind in the development of depression and aims to resolve unconscious conflict in treating depression. Popular techniques used under this approach are – Hypnosis, Dream Analysis, and Free Association.
- Biological Approach: This is a totally physical approach that is based on the role of neurochemicals and hormones in our body. Treatment of depression through this approach is done by providing medicines mainly known as anti-depressants to regulate the working of hormones.
The approach in use nowadays is known as the Eclectic approach. It combines different forms of treatment variants to work as one, as according to research, therapies along with medication is most beneficial in treating depression rather than relying on a single mode.
Along with professional care, self-care is also very important in bringing out effective results of the therapy. Small changes in daily routine and cultivating some good habits can help the person come out of a depressive state. Here’s a list of do’s and don’ts that can be followed.
Apart from the traditional approaches discussed above in treating depression, there are few guidelines that people around a depressed person can follow to extend their supportive hands.
- There’s no point in telling a depressed person to “just get over it”. Motivate and convince them to seek professional help.
- Give the person hope for recovery but in the process do not belittle their feelings by statements like “you don’t look bad to me.”
- Be a good listener.
- Do not nag the person to work normally as they would but try to engage them in activities that they like doing.
- Do not blame them for their illness.
Right support and the right moment can save a lot of lives. So look around you and be alert to help someone in need.